.As small as -s or -ed or they can be as large as -ation or -ious, these useful, shapeshifting tools can be found.Find out what suffixes are and explore a list of suffixes.


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The Function of a Suffix

Suffixes are a category of affixes.Suffixes alter the meaning or purpose of a base or root word.The suffix -er and -est are added to the adjective fond to create comparisons fonder and fondest.Use a suffix list to increase your vocabulary.


garanley-abogados.com of Suffixes

The English language contains a large number of suffixes as prefixes.By adding the suffix -ist to a word, it becomes a word describing someone who performs or practices something.As a result, art becomes an artist, a skilled practitioner.


Noun Suffixes

A noun is used to describe a person, place, thing, or idea.

Suffix

Meaning

Example

-eeindividual does something

referee, employee, trustee, retiree

-eer

engaged in something, associated with something

auctioneer, volunteer, engineer, profiteer

-er

someone who performs an action

helper, teacher, preacher, dancer

-ion

the action or process of

celebration, opinion, decision, revision

-ism

theory, act or beliefcriticism, humanism, professionalism, patirotism

-ity

the state or condition of

probability, equality, abnormality, civility

-ment

the action or result of

movement, retirement, abandonment, establishment

-ness

a state or quality

fondness, awareness, kindness, darkness

-or

a person who is something

distributor, investigator, translator, conductor

-sion

state or being

depression, confusion, tension, compulsion

-ship

position held

worship, ownership, courtship, internship

-th

state or quality

strength, labyrinth, depth, warmth


Adjective Suffixes

It only makes sense that you can have adjective suffixes too, since you can have noun suffixes.By adding these suffixes to words, you can create words that describe things.

Suffix

Meaning

Example

-able, -ible

capable of being

preventable, adaptable, predictable, credible

-al

pertaining to

theatrical, natural, criminal, seasonal

-ant

inclined to or tending to

vigilant, defiant, brilliant, reliant

-ary

of or relating to

budgetary, planetary, military, honorary

-ful

full of or notable of

grateful, beautiful, wonderful, fanciful

-ic

relating to

iconic, organic, heroic, poetic

-ious, -ous

having qualities of

gracious, cautious, humorous, fabulous

-ive

quality or nature of

creative, expensive, expressive, pensive

-less

without something

hopeless, faultless, fearless, restless

-y

made up of or characterized by

brainy, fruity, tasty, grouchy



Verb Suffixes

You use a verb in a sentence to describe an action or state.Let me give you an example: you laughed at the joke.Below are a few verb suffixes which you may use in your sentences.

Suffix

Meaning

Example

-ed

past-tense version of a verb

laughed, climbed, called, missed

-en

become

soften, fasten, lengthen, strengthen

-er

action or process, making an adjective comparative

faster, bigger, fuller, longer

-ing

verb form/present participle of an action

laughing, swimming, driving, writing

-ize, -ise

to cause or to become

memorialize, authorize, commercialize, advertise


Adverb Suffixes

An effective sentence includes information.Adverbs convey information about adjectives or verbs, so they are important.Take a look at these adverb suffixes from garanley-abogados.com.

Suffix

Meaning

Example

-ly

in what manner something is being done

bravely, simply, honestly, gladly

-ward

in a certain direction

backward, wayward, awkward, afterward

-wise

in relation to

clockwise, edgewise, lengthwise, otherwise


Using Suffixes

In English, suffixes provide variety.Our thoughts, feelings, findings, and emotions are endlessly expressed through them.Nouns are transformed into adjectives, and verbs are transformed into nouns.As a result, they provide the writer with more color and intrigue.

It is important to recognize that sometimes adding a suffix to a base word will change its spelling, as in create/creative.Learn why and when this occurs by reading the rules for suffix spellings.